Electricity prices skyrocket are impacting HPC activities

The price of electrical energy has been skyrocketing last year. As a result, the cheapest supplier of Czech Republic, Bohemia Energy has now bankrupted, forcing several institutions to transfer their contract to other, more expensive suppliers. Unfortunately, cost for electricity in future will be multiplied by a factor between 2 and 5, hence impacting the activities in High Power Computation for the whole Europe, at least.

IT4Innovation, the Czech national supercomputing facility located in Ostrava, has expressed difficulties through their website.

Meanwhile, our other computational center provided by PRACE DECI in Portugal got an incident due to electrical interruption that has damaged their facility. Hopefully the production could restart by the end of this week (internal information).

As a result, our high power computation activities are presently reduced until the end of January.

Photo-ionization dynamics in solids: our new publication appeared in Physical Review B

The international team of researchers from the HiLASE Centre, Czech Republic, and the Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Germany, has performed a theoretical study shedding light on the electron dynamics in crystalline semiconductors irradiated by ultrashort laser pulses. Based on first-principles time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) implemented on high power computers, the study provides deep insights on the ultrafast laser induced metallization of semiconducting materials. In their work, the scientists performed a comparison of the widely employed Keldysh theory of photoionization and the Drude model describing free carrier optical response with the data of the TDDFT simulations for a wide range of laser irradiation parameters. Although qualitatively a reasonable agreement was obtained, first principle simulations enable quantitative predictions of the photoionization rates and of the absorbed energy within and beyond the validity ranges of the analytical theories.

This work opens new routes for understanding laser-induced phenomena important for the development of novel applications in ultrafast photonics, the field where the band structure of materials can be engineered during their illumination by ultrashort laser pulses. The employed methodology can be used for smart choice of materials to achieve desired transient optical, electronic, and magnetic properties controlled by laser irradiation.

A joint paper on this subject has been recently published in a prestigious journal Physical Review B (Impact Factor of 4.036) of the American Physical Society.

5 oral contributions (incl. 2 invited) were given by the group in the last 3 months

Since September, the activities of the group were reported in 5 oral presentations at international conferences, including 2 invited talks. 4 of these oral presentations are available on Youtube.

  1. Advanced Laser Technologies (Moscow), 2 presentations from the group (incl. 1 invited).
  2. Ulltrafast Light (Moscow), Invited talk (20 min), 1 invited presentation from the group.
  3. Actual problems in Solid State Physics (Belarus), 2 oral contributions (10 min each), from the group.
  1. T. J.-Y. Derrien, Y. Levy, N.M. Bulgakova,
    Assessment of the time-dependent density functional theory for investigating femtosecond laser energy absorption by metals, invited oral presentation (20 min)
    September 6th, 2021
    Advanced Laser Technologies (ALT21)
    Moscow (online)
    Russian Federation
  2. K. Hlinomaz, Y. Levy, T. Derrien, N. M. Bulgakova
    Numerical Modeling of Thermal Response of Molybdenum Thin Film on Different Substrates Irradiated by Short Laser Pulse (oral presentation, 15 min).
    September 6th, 2021
    Advanced Laser Technologies (ALT21)
    Moscow (online)
    Russian Federation
  3. T. J.-Y. Derrien
    Ultrafast excitation of electrons in crystals: insights from non-equilibrium band structure calculations (invited oral presentation, 20 min)
    October 4th-8th, 2021
    Ultrafast Light (Lebedev Institute)
    Moscow (online)
    Russian Federation
  4. T. J.-Y. Derrien
    Ultrafast excitation of electrons in crystals: insights from non-equilibrium band structure calculations (oral presentation, 10 min)
    November 22nd-26th, 2021
    Actual problems in Solid State Physics (APSSP 2021)
    Minsk (online)
    Belarus
  5. K. Hlinomaz , A. S. Fedotov, I. Timoshchenko, A. Kozlovski, Y. Levy , T. J.-Y. Derrien, V. P. Zhukov, O. G. Romanov, N. M. Bulgakova
    Towards Description of Mechanical Damage of Thin Molybdenum Film upon Pulsed Laser Irradiation (oral presentation, 10 min).
    November 22nd-26th, 2021
    Actual problems in Solid State Physics (APSSP 2021)
    Minsk (online)
    Belarus

Presentation of contributions from Bc. Kristyna Gazdova will be introduced in next conferences.

Springer chapter submitted

Prof. N. M. Bulgakova has submitted a chapter of 60 pages, 22 figures and 299 references for a book of Springer publishing house being in preparation by editors prof. Razvan Stoian (Laboratoire Hubert Curien) and prof. Jörn Bonse (BAM Berlin).

Dr. T. J.-Y. Derrien and Y. Levy gratefully thank prof. Bulgakova for the kind invitation to contribute jointly to the chapter that has a good probability to be the 1st chapter of the book.

Looking forward!

HPC project PRACE-DECI-17th “Frecuencia” granted our research group with 6.95 million core-hours to be used before September 2022.

To support quantum modeling activities [based on the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT)] of the Department of Scientific Laser Applications, the group of Ultrafast Photonics led by T. J.-Y. Derrien obtained today 6.95 millions core-hours of computational time in one of the supercomputers of the PRACE EU network (project FRECUENCIA).

Along with the IT4I.cz project FLAMENCO (3.8 million core-hours), this computational time will be employed for resolving the dynamics of electrons in solid materials upon ultrashort laser irradiation in various experimental situations. The project also aims at testing the tools for employing more effective formalisms for the study of laser-matter interaction in future.

HPC project IT4I/FLAMENCO: second period fully granted with 3.8 millions core-hours

After submission of our first TDDFT-baked publication, national facilities of IT4I.cz kindly provided the full requested time for our second period of the FLAMENCO project. This amount of computational time must be used by 9 months, up to March 2022.

A PhD student position aimed at supporting the development of TDDFT activities at HiLASE is open and will give opportunity to ambitious and talented student to make his/her steps in high power computation for laser processing.

The list of active collaborations articulated around the TDDFT activities is available.

PhD position for 2021-2024 is now open

A PhD position is open in the group of Ultrafast Photonics, on quantum modeling of laser-matter interaction with solids. It consists in numerical modeling using high power computations.

The offer is available at the top here: https://www.hilase.cz/en/list-of-ph-d-thesis-topics/

To apply, just contact me by email [ d e r r i e n (arobase) f z u . c z ], or Twitter (@tjyderrien), or by reply to this post.

Looking forward to meeting new curious people!
Thibault JY Derrien

Marie Sklodowska Curie Fellowship 2015: granted!

Marie Sklodowska Curie ActionsThe “QuantumLaP” project has been approved by the Marie Sklodowska Curie Actions of the European Union.

As a consequence, I will be funded by Europe for two years to perform advanced numerical modeling using classical and quantum calculations to improve the knowledge and control over the femtosecond laser processing of matter.

The project is supervised by Prof. Nadezhda M. Bulgakova (Hilase, Prague) [1].

The work will be performed within HiLASE Centre, part of the Institute of Physics (located in Dolni Brezany, near from Prague, CZ), Academy of Science of the Czech Republic.

The fellowship also includes 6 months at the Max Planck Institute for Structures and Dynamics of matter (Hamburg, Germany) under supervision of Prof. Angel Rubio (Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of matter, Hamburg) [2], and Dr Heiko Appel (MPSD, Hamburg) [3].

Official press release is available at the Hilase Centre.

References

[1] Prof. Nadezhda M. Bulgakova (Biography | CV) from the Institute of Thermophysics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science (SB RAS), Novosibirsk.

[2] Prof. Angel Rubio (Biography | CV), Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of matter (MPSD, Hamburg, Germany), Fritz Haber Institute of Max Planck Society (FHI Berlin, Germany) and Nano-bio Spectroscopy Group (San Sebastian, Spain).

[3] Dr. Heiko Appel (CV), Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of matter (MPSD, Hamburg, Germany), Fritz Haber Institute of Max Planck Society (FHI Berlin, Germany) and Nano-bio Spectroscopy Group (San Sebastian, Spain)